WAEC Syllabus for Crop Husbandry and Horticulture

There are always 3 sections to answer questions from. Paper 1 is Objective questions, paper 2 is essay questions and then paper 3 is practical’s. Where paper one (1) carries 1 hour for 50 marks, paper two (2) carries 2 hours for 80 marks while paper three (3) carries 2 hours for 60 marks. Jamb form 

This WAEC syllabus is for both the O’level WAEC and General Certificate Examination (GCE) candidates. Final year students in the senior secondary school level and external candidates are eligible to make use of this syllabus and prepare ahead of the examination.

See the full detailed information concerning the WAEC Crop  Husbandry  And  Horticulture Syllabus below.


The examination syllabus has been structured, based on the teaching syllabus, to assess candidates knowledge and skills in the production, processing, storage, marketing and uses of arable, plantation and horticultural crops.  It will also assess the knowledge and skills of candidates in landscaping and other vocations in crop husbandry.


The syllabus is designed to provide a comprehensive assessment of candidates’ knowledge and skills in relation to: WAEC Syllabus for Crop Husbandry And Horticulture

(1)        the factors that affect crop production;

(2)        the botany of various arable, plantation and horticultural crops;

(3)        the propagation and cultivation of various arable, plantation and horticultural crops;

(4)        the effective management of crop-based enterprises;

(5)        the processing, preservation, storage, transportation, marketing and use of crops;

(6)        the management of basic problems associated with crop cultivation;

(7)        landscaping, home gardening and interior decoration;

(8)        the socio-economic importance of crops.


(1)        Schools offering Crop Husbandry and Horticulture are expected to keep farms and compounds or attach students to established farms where a variety of arable and horticultural crops are grown and maintained.

(2)        It is recommended that schools should have laboratories, workshops, farm tools and equipment, and study materials such as specimens, chemicals and seeds.

(3)        It is also recommended that candidates keep practical notebooks, farm diaries and weed albums. These should contain records of individual activities, based on laboratory and field observations. Waec Result


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken.  Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

 PAPER 1:  Will consist of fifty multiple-choice objective questions all of which must be answered within 1 hour for 50 marks.

PAPER 2:  Will consist of six essay-type questions.  Candidates will be required to answer four questions within 2 hours for 80 marks.

 PAPER 3:  Will be a practical paper for school candidates or alternative to practical test paper for private candidates. Each version will consist of four questions all Npower Recruitment

of which must be answered within 2 hours for 60 marks.


ers.  The uses of tools, containers and management practices such as provision of light, air, water, fertilizer application; pruning and trimming; pest and disease control, cleaning and polishing will be required Assessment will be based the factors of production, demand and supply, packaging, pricing and transport. Assessment will be based on knowledge of the characteristics and importance of lawns, planting materials, methods of propagation, common lawn grasses, site preparation and maintenance practices such as watering, weeding and spiking.  Assessment will be based on common hedging plants and their characteristics; the importance of hedges, planting materials, methods of propagation, site preparation and maintenance practices such as watering, weeding andpruning. Assessment will be based on knowledge of common bed and border plants, the differences between beds and borders and hedges and borders; principles underlying establishing beds and borders; Management practices including selection of appropriate plants for beds and borders, planting materials, methods of propagation, common bed and border plants and site preparation and maintenance practices such as watering, weeding and pruning.    Knowledge and understanding of the concept and importance of landscaping (conservation, beautification, screening, forest reserve/green belt and wind break) are required. The differences between the components and the roles of the components (materials) such as landform, plant materials, water, sculpture and stone work, garden boundaries and ground pattern will be assessed. Knowledge and understanding of the principles of design (unity, scale, time, space division, texture, light and shade, tone and colour, style, line, variety, balance, repetition, balance, emphasis etc.) will be assessed.      Assessment will  be based on knowledge of vocations available in Crop Husbandry and Horticulture and the  tasks involved.Tasks in occupations such as Produce Marketing, Exporting, Importing, Providing  Services and Supplies, etc taking into consideration the educational qualifications, training, resources etc required to perform the tasks; and the benefits derived from the jobs. Candidates will be assessed on their ability to discuss the importance of vocations to the individual, community and nation. Candidates will be assessed on their ability to analyze  the factors, resources and procedures (development of a business plan, registration of business etc.) required to establish enterprises. 


1.  Introduction to CropProduction          2.  Nursery Practices         3.  Field Practices(a)  Land preparationand Planting     (b)  Fertilizers(c)  Weeds (d)  Pests and Diseases  (e)  Irrigation 4.  Harvesting and Post-harvest Handling5. Record keeping6.  Landscaping and Ornamental Horticulture Ability to identify, classify and make biological diagrams of parts and sections of and of whole plants is required. Knowledge of use of field crops, vegetables, fruit of crops, tree crops and ornamental plant is required. Ability to identify farm tools and equipment, and knowledge of the uses and maintenance of general and specialized farm tools and equipment are also required. Ability to determine soil physical properties e.g. structure, texture: and chemical properties e.g. pH, salinity are required. Ability to identify and prepare containers and media for propagation and knowledge of methods of propagation including budding and grafting are required. Ability to  carry out seed tests such as germination, health and purity tests; undertake practices such as drilling, broadcasting, sowing, pricking out, thinning, application of pesticides and starter solutions, hardening off  and transplanting are required.  Knowledge of types of seed beds; seed rate,  planting materials, planting methods and cropping calendar is required.Ability to calculate and interpret data on spacing and plant density is required.  Types of fertilizer and methods of application of organic and inorganic fertilizers e.g. granules, foliar,banding and broadcasting is required. Identification of weeds, their ecological adaptations, and weed control measures e.g. cover cropping, mulching, herbicide application (types of herbicides) etc. is required.  Ability to identify pests and diseases; symptoms and effects of disease on host; life cycle of economic insects e.g. stem borer; Control measures for pests and diseases, including calibration of spraying equipment, types of pesticides and pesticide formulation are required. Types, uses and maintenance of irrigation equipment and parts e.g. watering can, watering hose, sprinklers, laterals and water pump is required. Signs of maturity; methods of harvesting, seed extraction, processing and storage; grading of produce and products of arable, plantation and horticultural crops and the ability to estimate yield of crops are required.  Knowledge of types and uses of farm records; and ability to take/keep records on the farm are required. Knowledge of various components used for designing landscape; Identification of ornamental plants, and their uses; knowledge and skills in the use of tools, equipment, containers, media, etc for ornamental horticulture are required.
Avatar of Yusuf Bitrus

Written by Yusuf Bitrus

SEO Specialist | Content Creator | Businessman | Gamer

I help website owners attract high paying customers with well targeted organic traffic from Google.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

WAEC Syllabus for Financial Accounting

WAEC Syllabus for Chemistry